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Bibliographic details:

Cheek, W., & Chmutina, K. (2022). Measuring Resilience in the Assumed City. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, 1-13.

Abstract:

The malleable nature of both the idea of a city and the idea of resilience raises an important question—why measure? Resilience is assumed to be located in the physical infrastructure of specific places or as a quality of the people located there. For disasters, we are often trying to conceptualize, measure, or render legible resilience in physical structures. But what is it that we are trying to measure, and is the idea of a city reflected in these measurements? If cities are organized around something other than resilience, is resilience their natural by-product? What is necessitating the need for increased—and measured—resilience? Using interpretive policy analysis, we explored five well known disaster resilience frameworks (UNDRR’s Making Cities Resilient Campaign, UN-Habitat’s City Resilience Profiling Programme, The World Bank and GFDRR’s Resilient Cities Program, Arup and The Rockefeller Foundation’s City Resilience Index, and The Rockefeller Foundation’s 100 Resilient Cities) to identify the working definition of “city” and of “resilience.” We conclude that if the demand for cities to become more resilient is an acknowledgment of the risk produced by globalized urbanization, then the call itself is an indictment of the current state of our cities.

Webpage: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13753-022-00410-9

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 Bibliographic details:

Feitelson, E., Plaut, P., Salzberger, E., Shmueli, D., Altshuler, A., Ben-Gal, M., Israel, F., Rein-Sapir, Y. & Zaychik, D. (2022). The Effects of COVID-19 on Wellbeing: Evidence from Israel. Sustainability14(7), 3750.

Abstract:

Many aspects of wellbeing have been studied in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, studies that measure a comprehensive, multi-faceted conceptualization of wellbeing are rare. Using a broad conceptualization of wellbeing, based on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) wellbeing indicators and a theoretical model of wellbeing developed previously, this study empirically assesses the wellbeing effects of COVID-19 in Israel. A representative sample of the adult population in Israel was surveyed and structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to analyze the impacts of the pandemic on a number of wellbeing indicators. Relationships among indicators were also analyzed. The study’s findings highlight the importance of social interactions, economics, mental health, and leisure on wellbeing. The study can be used by policymakers to fully understand the impact of various COVID-19 response policies on the wellbeing of the population.

Webpage: https://doi.org/10.3390/su14073750

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Bibliographic details:

Feitelson, E., Plaut, P., Salzberger, E., Shmueli, D., Altshuler, A., Amir, S., & Ben-Gal, M. (2022). Learning from Others’ Disasters? A Comparative Study of SARS/MERS and COVID-19 Responses in Five Polities. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction74, 102913.

Abstract:

The ability to successfully manage disasters is a function of the extent to which lessons are learned from prior experience. We focus on the extent to which lessons from SARS/MERS have been learned and implemented during the first wave of COVID-19, and the extent to which the source affects governance learning: from a polity's own experience in previous episodes of the same disaster type; from the experience of other polities with regard to the same disaster type; or by cross-hazard learning - transferring lessons learned from experience with other types of disasters. To assess which types of governance learning occurred we analyze the experience of four East Asian polities that were previously affected by SARS/MERS: South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and Hong-Kong. Their experience is compared with that of Israel. Having faced other emergencies but not a pandemic, Israel could have potentially learned from its experience with other emergencies, or from the experience of others with regard to pandemics before the onset of COVID-19. We find that governance learning occurred in the polities that experienced either SARS or MERS, but not cross-hazard or cross-polity learning. The consequences in the 5 polities at the end of the first six months of Covid-19, reflected by the numbers of infected and deaths, on one hand, and by the level of disruption to normal life, on the other, verifies these findings. Research insights point to the importance of modifying governance structures to establish effective emergency institutions and necessary legislation as critical preparation for future unknown emergencies.

Webpage: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2022.102913

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רביעי, 22 יוני 2022 11:17

זייצ'יק, דניאל

Danielle pict 1אחרי סיום תואר השני במדיניות ציבורית באוניברסיטה העברית, דניאל המשיכה את לימודיה כדוקטורנטית באוניברסיטת טקסס בדאלאס, בביה"ס למדעי הכלכלה, מדינה, ומדיניות. עבודת הדוקטורט שלה התמקדה בהשפעות של הבדלים במערכי חוקרי מוות בתוך מדינות ארה"ב על נתוני תמותה. כעת, דניאל משמשת כעמיתת פוסט-דוקטורט במרכז המחקר והידע הלאומי בתחום היערכות למצבי חירום באוניברסיטת חיפה. תחומי העניין שלה כוללים מצבי חירום, בריאות הציבור ועיצוב מערכי מחקר (research design).

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רביעי, 22 יוני 2022 11:27

Zaychik, Danielle

Danielle pict 1

After earning her MA in Public Policy from Hebrew University, Danielle completed a doctorate at the University of Texas at Dallas in the School of Economic, Political, and Policy Sciences. Her doctorate focused on the way differences in medical examiner and coroner systems impact mortality statistics in the US. She is currently a postdoctoral fellow at the National Research and Knowledge Center for Emergency Readiness, at the University of Haifa. Her research interests include emergencies, public health, and research design.

Published in Researchers
שלישי, 06 ספטמבר 2022 07:27

אלפנדרי, רוית

Alfandari Ravitד"ר רוית אלפנדרי סיימה את לימודי הדוקטורט במדיניות חברתית ב  The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) שבאנגליה ואת לימודי הבתר-דוקטורט בבית ספר לעבודה סוציאלית ובית הספר למנהל עסקים באוניברסיטת חיפה. היא בעלת ניסיון בהוראה אקדמית בישראל (אוניברסיטת אריאל, מכללה אקדמית הדסה בירושלים) ובבריטניה (LSE,  Ulster University, Northern Ireland ). כיום, רוית הנה חברת סגל בביה"ס לעבודה סוציאלית באוניברסיטת חיפה. כמו כן, היא עמיתת מחקר במרכז לחקר המשפחה ובמרכז חקר ארגונים וניהול משאבי אנוש באוניברסיטת חיפה. רוית הינה עובדת סוציאלית בעלת ניסיון רב בעבודת שטח, פיתוח תוכניות ומחקר בתחום רווחת והגנת הילד. מחקרה האמפירי מתמקד בקבלת החלטות והערכת סיכון בתחום הגנת הילד. היא חברה מובילה בארגון ה COST  (multisectoral responses to child abuse and neglect in Europe- Euro-CAN).

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Bibliographic details:

Giachino, C., Bollani, L., Truant, E., & Bonadonna, A. (2022). Urban area and nature-based solution: Is this an attractive solution for Generation Z?. Land Use Policy, 112, 105828.

Abstract:

Finding solutions for the careful management of our natural heritage is fundamental to sustaining humanity on the planet. In this sense, nature-based solutions (NBS), which are useful initiatives aimed at addressing socio-environmental challenges to achieve a relatively more natural environment, can be a fundamental tool for reaching this goal in an urban context. However, there is no evidence that having NBS in urban cities could attract the young generations. The present study investigates Generation Z’s interest in NBS and explores the possibility of them considering a city that offers NBS as a possible tourism destination. This study uses different NBS initiatives implemented in the metropolitan area of Turin. Using quantitative approaches to qualitative responses, that is, multiple correspondence analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis, a hierarchical cluster structure was designed and gradually explored to identify main groups of respondents and subsequently deeper partitions. The results show that Generation Z perceives NBS initiatives as important for safeguarding and enhancing the cultural and natural heritage of the urban areas involved, which can improve their touristic and leisure value. This study is particularly relevant since it can help institutions to consider a new approach to stimulating proximity tourism in urban cities and their surroundings, by valorizing NBS as a possible attraction for Generation Z.

Webpage: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264837721005512

 

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Bibliographic details:

Lalal, N., Mishal, S., Padhi, A., Sharma, A., Audhkhasi, A., Arora, P., ... & Samar, S. (2022). Eco-Anxiety: Impact on Generation Z’s Mental Health and the Contemporary Significance of Environmental Awareness and Education. International Journal of Policy Sciences and Law, 2(02”), 3313-3331. 

Abstract:

The escalating impacts of climate change and global warming are jeopardizing humanity’s future on earth. Lack of action against the matter has proliferated the occurrence as well as the intensity of natural calamities. Moreover, several species around the world are undergoing a decline in their population, suggesting that the 6th mass extinction is well underway. Owing to such devastating repercussions of climate change and the persistent human interference with nature, environmental concerns are now affecting the mental health of most human beings. “Eco-anxiety”, the persistent worry about the future of earth due to the ongoing climate crisis, global warming, and environmental degradation, is very much prevalent today. This paper dives deep into the matter by predominantly focussing on the impact of climate change on Generation Z’s mental health, as they are the upcoming leaders who will be running the world in the near future. Through shedding light on past events that have brought about the current status quo, the paper discusses a brief timeline of climate change and environmental degradation. The latter part of the paper particularly focuses on how the youth is coping with environmental degradation and climate anxiety, and what significance can environmental awareness and education have on guaranteeing them a safe future have then been analysed. After meticulous evaluation, the authors discuss potential solutions that can help relieve the burden youth feel to take care of our precious environment. The subject matter aims to comply with three of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) put forth by the United Nations, namely: SDG 3 (Good Health and Well-being), SDG 4 (Quality Education), and SDG 13 (Climate Action)

Webpage: https://ijpsl.in/index.php/volume-2-issue-2/

Other: https://ijpsl.in/wp-content/uploads/2022/01/Eco-Anxiety-Impact-on-Generation-Zs-Mental-Health-and-the-Contemporary-Significance-of-Environmental-Awareness-and-Education-merged.pdf

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Bibliographic details:

Swim, J. K., Aviste, R., Lengieza, M. L., & Fasano, C. J. (2022). OK Boomer: A decade of generational differences in feelings about climate change. Global Environmental Change, 73, 102479.

Abstract:

The emergence of concern about and evidence of climate change has been argued to create a cultural milieu unique to the Millennial generation (born between 1981 and 1996) and iGeneration (aka iGens or Generation Z born after 1997). The present research tested a) claims of unique angst about climate change among younger versus older generations, b) growing generational discrepancies over time in emotions about climate change, c) generational differences for several emotions about climate change, and d) the implications of these emotions for motivating people to discuss climate change with others, potentially aiding coping with climate change and facilitating action to address climate change. Survey data gathered from 2010 to 2019 of a representative sample of United States residents (N = 22,468) document greater increases in worry about climate change and, to a lesser degree, anger and guilt about climate change, within the two youngest generations relative to changes among Generation X, Baby Boomers, and the Silent and Greatest Generations. Although generational differences were small and suggest overstatements of unique effects for younger generations, increases in younger generations’ emotions transform into the two youngest generations reporting the strongest emotions in 2019. Over ten years, these differential shifts in emotions explain more substantial increases in the frequency of discussing climate in the youngest generations.

Webpage: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0959378022000176

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Bibliographic details

Lewin, A.C., Shamai, M. & Novikov, S. Surviving in Crisis Mode: The Effect of Material Hardship and Social Support on Emotional Wellbeing Among People in Poverty During COVID-19. Soc Indic Res (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-022-03011-7

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic triggered a sudden economic crisis that led to increases in hardshipThe COVID-19 pandemic triggered a sudden economic crisis that led to increases in hardshipand poverty. Motivated by the concern that people living in long-term poverty havefew reserves to draw upon in times of crisis and may experience severe consequences,this study focuses on the association between material hardship and emotional wellbeingamong people in poverty. The data were collected in two waves of telephone surveys duringthe pandemic (n = 88). Participants for the study were recruited through social servicedepartments in six cities in Northern Israel. The findings show that COVID-19 increasedmaterial hardship, and that material hardship has detrimental effects on the four measuresof emotional wellbeing selected (stress, anxiety, depression, and physical symptoms).Informal social support has positive effects on emotional wellbeing but it does not counterthe negative effects of material hardship. Policy implications are discussed.

Webpage: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11205-022-03011-7#citeas

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