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Kimhi et al. (2021). Fluctuations in National Resilience during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Bibliographic details:

Kimhi, S.; Eshel, Y.; Marciano, H.; Adini, B. Fluctuations in National Resilience during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3876.


Abstract: The current study measured national resilience (NR) in three different time frames during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in Israel (N = 804). We investigated two main issues: first, the direction and extent of NR changes during the crisis, and second, the predictors of NR. The results show the following: (a) the average NR score declined significantly across the three repeated measures, with a medium-size effect. (b) Three of the four identified NR factors declined significantly across the three measurements: belief in the government and the prime minister (large effect size); belief in civil society; and patriotism (medium effect size); while trust in Israeli national institutions was the lowest and did not weaken significantly. (c) Analyzing the prediction of NR
factors indicated that the levels of the three NR factors mainly reflected one’s political attitudes, sense of political and economic threats, rather than health threats. One conclusion concerns the importance of trust in leadership as the most sensitive component in the decline of national resilience following a crisis.